In the early 15th
Century the present territories of Ramanathapuram district comprising of taluks
Tiruvadanai, Paramakudi, Kamuthi, Mudukulathur, Ramanathapuram and Rameswaram were
included in Pandiyan Kingdom. For a short period, this area was under the Chola Kings when
Rajendra Chola brought it under his territory in 1063 AD.
In 1520 AD., the Nayaks of Vijayangar took over this area under their
control from the Pandiyan dynasty for about two centuries, Marava chieftains-Sethupathis
who were Lords under Pandiyan Kings and reigned over this part (17th century). At the beginning of the 18th
century, family disputes over succession resulted in the division of Ramanathapuram. With the help of the King of Thanjavur in 1730 A.D.
one of the chieftains deposed Sethupathy and became the Raja of Sivaganga. Acting upon the weakness of the Nayak rules, the
local chieftains (Palayakarars) became independent. Raja of Sivagangai, Sethupathy of
Ramanathapuram were prominent among them. In
173, Chand, a Sahib of Carnatic, captured Ramanathapuram.
In 1741, the area came under the control of the Marattas and then under the
Nizam in 1744 AD, Nawabs rule made displeasure in the mind of those chieftains. That made them declare the last Nayak as ruler of
Pandiya Mandalam against the Nawab in 1752 AD. By that time, throne of Carnatic had two
rivals, Shanda Sahib and Mohamed Ali, and this district was part of
Carnatic. The British and French supported Chanda Sahib and
Mohamed Ali respectively. It paved the way for
series of conflicts in the southern part of the continent.
In 1795, the
British deposed Muthuramalinga Sethupathy and took control of the administration
of Ramanathapuram. In 1801 Mangaleswari Nachiyar was made the Zamindar of Sivagangai After passing of Queen, the Marudhu Brothers took
the charge by paying regular revenue to the East India company.
In 1803 the Marudhu Brothers of Sivaganga revolted against the British in
collaboration with Kattabomman of Panchalamkurichi. Colonel
Agnew captured Marudhu Brothers and hanged them and made Gowri Vallbah Periya Udaya Thevar
as Zamindar of Sivaganga. After the fall of
Tippu Sultan, British took the control and imprisoned the Nawab. In 1892 the Zamindari system was abolished and a
British Collector was appointed for administration.
1910, Ramanathapuram was formed by
clubbing portions from Madurai and Tirunelveli district.
Shri J.F. BRYANT I.C.S was the first collector. And this
district was named as Ramanathapuram. During
the British period this district was called Ramnad. The name continued after independence. Later the district was renamed as Ramanathapuram to
be in conformity with the Tamil Name for this region.
As per GO.Ms.No. 347 dated 8.3.1985, Ramanathapuram
was trifurcated on 15-3-85 as
1) Pasumpon Muthuramalinga Thevar District which consists of
Thiruppattur, Karaikudi, Devakottai, Sivaganga, Manamadurai and Ilaiyankudi
Taluks. This district was later renamed as Sivaganga district
2) Kamarajar District which consist of Sriviliputtur, Virudhunagar,
Chiruchuli, Aruppukottai, Sattur and Rajapalayam Taluks.This district was later
renamed as Virudhunagar district.
District, which consists of Tiruvadanai, Paramakudi, Kamuthi, Mudukulathur,
Ramanathapuram and Rameswaram Taluks
Shri S.GURUMURTHY I.A.S was the district collector during the
trifurcation of the Ramanathapuram district.
One village (Emaneswaram) of Ilaiyankudi Taluk in Sivagangai district was
transferred to Paramakudi Taluk in Ramanathapuram District as per
GO.Ms.No.393/Revenue Department Dated 15.03.1985. Rameswaram sub taluk was
upgraded into full-fledged taluk as per GO.Ms.No.3248 dated 23.12.1981.
The Erstwhile Mudukulathur Taluk was bifurcated as Mudukulathur and Kadaladi
Taluks as per GO.Ms.No. 277/Revenue Department dated 15.3.1995
23 Revenue villages of Tiruvadanai Taluk in Ramanathapuram district were
transferred to Devakottai taluk in Sivagangai district as per GO.Ms.No.
698/Revenue Department dated 21.8.1998 with effect from 1.9.1998.
One Revenue village (Valanai) of Tiruvadanai Taluk in Ramanathapuram district
was transferred to Sivagangai taluk in Sivagangai District as per the
GO.Ms.No.874/Revenue Department dated 29.10.98 with effect from 20.2.99